Free movement will continue until the end of the transition period (or transposition period) and EU and UK nationals will be able to move to the UK or Member States, as currently permitted by EU legislation. EU citizens living in their host country before the end of the transition have a permanent right of residence under the withdrawal agreement due to certain requirements. Under the agreement, the UK and EU-27 have discretion under which EU or UK nationals must apply for new resident status. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the „backstop“ agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. On 13 November 2018, a modest speech was presented in the House of Commons calling for the release of legal advice given to the government on the proposed EU withdrawal agreement. The government`s response was presented to Parliament on December 3 by Attorney General Geoffrey Cox. However, the next day it was considered incomplete by MPs, which resulted in a vote in which, for the first time in history, the UK government failed to respect Parliament.  Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  The new rules are permanent, provided approval is given. They are no longer a backstop, that is, an insurance policy that will only come into force if other measures do not keep the Irish border open.
EU officials insist they will not reopen last year`s withdrawal deal with Theresa May – including the final draw. The government has pledged to vote on a resolution in both houses of Parliament before the Edo-Speaker votes, where each parliament is asked to approve the withdrawal agreement. So far, the British Parliament had had two „wise votes“ but had not approved the November 2018 withdrawal agreement, despite assurances from the EU in January 2019 that the backstop should not be permanent and other interpretations and clarifications in March 2019. The Strasbourg clarification package and the Attorney General`s opinion will be discussed in the Commons Briefing Paper 8525 The Strasbourg package, 13 March 2019. Prime Minister Johnson called the backstop „undemocratic“ and called for its removal from the divorce agreement. They believe the UK could end up in an „open“ customs union with the EU, despite assurances that the backstop is designed as a temporary situation. The backstop is part of the draft withdrawal agreement negotiated between Theresa May`s government and the EU. On 15 January 2019, the British Parliament rejected a government request to approve a draft withdrawal agreement. At the end of January 2019, many Pro-Brexit Tory and DUP MPs remained opposed to an unsealed backstop, fearing they would indefinitely link the UK to many EU rules.  In subsequent votes, most conservative rebels voted in favour of the withdrawal agreement and the backstop, although the DUP continued to oppose it, contributing to its prolonged defeat. The opposition was despite an opinion poll by LucidTalk (published on 6 December 2018) which found that 65% of Northern Ireland voters were in favour of a Brexit that saw Northern Ireland as the EU single market and customs union.  On 28 January 2019, May objected to the backstop she and the EU had