Padroado Agreement

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In 1658, the Holy See appointed the first two apostolic vicars, French pallu, bishop of Heliopolis, and Pierre Lambert de la clod, bishop of Berith. They have been instructed by the Holy See to exercise their jurisdiction not only in Tonkin and Cochin in China, but also in all bordering areas. Tonkin and Cochin China belonged to Padroado. A similar event occurred in Siam. The missionaries, sent by the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, erected a church located only 4 or 5 miles from the church among the priests of Padroado. In 1668, the Holy See declared that Siam did belong to the Diocese of Malacca, but later, in 1669, a new declaration came from Rome for the French missionaries to maintain jurisdiction over their own Christians. This is how the famous double court was born. Clashes took place and in 1673 Siam was permanently removed from the diocese of Malacca. Tonkin was part of the diocese of Macau, but it was taken over by propaganda in 1696, as was Cochin China. The origin, theories, the functioning and the effects of the patronage of Spain are similar to those of the Portuguese Padroado. In Africa and Brazil, the Padroado system has not experienced any difficulties at all, as propaganda missionaries have not tried to work in these areas.

The conflicts erupted only in areas initially given in Padroado, but then claimed by propaganda. When other missionaries intervened and Portugal lost its influence in these regions, Padroado had to adapt to the new circumstances. conclusion. The agreement was duly signed in 1857. In 1886, a new concordate was negotiated, which remained valid until 1928. Portuguese Padroado in India, next to the Archdiocese of Goa, the Diocese of Daro (later attached to Goa), the titular diocese of Cranganor, the diocese of Cochin and that of St. Thomas of Mylapur. Bombay remained under dual jurisdiction. Subsequently, other agreements were signed, which has the effect of increasingly reducing the scope of Padroado missions.

In 1950, after India`s independence and negotiations with the Holy See, Portugal renounced Padroado in Indian territory, but the Archdiocese of Goa retained some mission posts outside the Portuguese Goa. A final agreement, signed on October 25, 1953, ended Padroado in India. In 1974, the Portuguese renounced their Padroado privileges on the Archdiocese of Macau, thus ending the Padroado system. Padroado versus Propaganda Fide. During this critical period of 28 years (1640-68), the long and long struggles between missionaries sent by propaganda and those under Padroado began. They took place mainly in China, Tonkin, Siam and India. The Padroado missionaries had several flourishing missions in these regions, entrusted by papal bulls to the dioceses of Padroado. Propaganda missionaries took advantage of the political situation in Europe at the time, instead of establishing themselves in other places, privileged positions close to those of the dioceses of Padroado. It was in France that the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris was founded under Louis XIV.

Between 1834 and 1836, when Portugal severed diplomatic relations with Rome, the Holy See, under Gregory XVI, reorganized Indian missions. Three eminent theologians were consulted on whether the Holy See could erase the Portuguese Padroado outside the non-Portuguese territories without consulting the godfather. Gregory XVI acted immediately by publishing the brief Multa praeclare on 24 April 1838, which solemnly declared that Padroado should be exercised only in the archdiocese of Goa and in the diocese of Macau.